Recovery After a Stroke

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There are a few different stages of care after a stroke. Strokes do not discriminate and they can affect anyone, at any age, race or gender at any time. This article will mainly address the longer term care when the survivor has moved on to focus on stroke rehabilitation and exercises to help regain function.

There are two types of stroke and the mechanisms of both of these will be discussed. There are many different types of therapy and exercises used after a stroke for rehabilitation and recovery purposes. The role of cognitive therapy, psychological therapy and sensory or motor therapy will be explored.

There are two main types of strokes with a common underlying principle of interrupting blood to the brain. Because everyone is a unique individual with a unique genetic makeup and life history, the symptoms experienced post stroke will be slightly different for everyone. There can be a bleed or block causing the stroke. A block could be a blood clot or any material that impedes the flow of blood. The substance causing the block is sometimes referred to as an embolism. A bleed will occur when a blood vessel bursts this is typically called a hemorrhage.

Cognitive therapy refers to any type of rehab that does not involve movement of the body or direct sensory stimulation. Cognition can be regarded as thought processes. Cognitive therapy may involve working on any language issues such as receptive (understanding) language or expressive (speaking) language problems. It can consist of practicing memory or concentration which may have been affected by the stroke.

A part of cognitive therapy can also be counselling or psychological work for the survivor after a stroke. For some people dealing with life post stroke can be very difficult and can take some getting used to. There may be frustration, anger and negativity to deal with. At times family members can help but also a trained professional who commonly deals with stroke survivors is a good idea. Clearing any negativity or obstacles in the mind can make sure that the road to recovery is easier.

Physical therapy or exercises make up the last component of recovery. Primarily the concern here is to work on regaining or improving movement of the body or improving sensory processing of the body such as hearing or touch. Even just small improvements in movement can make a tremendous difference for the independence of the stroke survivor. It can help with everyday tasks such as feeding, getting dressed and hygiene. Although minor being able to complete these activities without assistance can greatly enhance the quality of life for a stroke survivor.

Stroke rehabilitation makes up an important part of after a stroke care. It aims to help the survivor regain or relearn skills that may have been affected due to the stroke. It is a really vital area of the recovery process which can help a survivor regain their independence and feelings of well being despite the event that has happened.

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